The US food regulator on Friday, November 16, agreed on the issue of food products that are grown from animal cells. However, it is unclear whether such a product will be called “meat”.
This solution opens the way to the market for products known as “test tube meat” or laboratory or cultured meat. This was reported in a joint statement by the US Department of Agriculture and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), reports AFP news agency.
It has been decided that the FDA will control the collection of cells and their differentiation – that is, how stem cells develop into certain functional cells. The Ministry, in turn, will monitor the production and labeling of such food products. It is noted that the new legislation for such a product is not needed.
For the production of meat in vitro, animal muscle cells are taken and protein is used, which allows cells to grow into large pieces of meat. No further tissue intake is needed for animals – the “test tube meat” is cultivated according to the principle of yoghurt cultures, as The New York Times explains.
While this type of business in the United States is developing. Technologies for creating “meat from a test tube” are available, but the cost of production is very high, so there is still no product ready for mass marketing. Proponents of “test tube meat” say that this technology will avoid killing animals, which will reduce both their suffering and greenhouse gas emissions. Farmer organizations say that such products cannot be called “meat”.
Note that in August 2013 in London, the first hamburger was presented, which contains 140 grams of cultivated meat created by the group of Professor Mark Post from the University of Maastricht. Then experts and nutritionists called the product too dry and low-fat. This spring, a Californian startup Just promised to show a consumer product from such meat before the end of the year.